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The orange is a hybrid of ancient cultivated origin, possibly between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata).[2] It is a small flowering tree growing to about 10 m tall with evergreen leaves, which are arranged alternately, of ovate shape with crenulate margins and 4–10 cm long. The orange fruit is a hesperidium, a type of berry.

Oranges originated in Southeast Asia. The fruit of Citrus sinensis is called sweet orange to distinguish it from Citrus aurantium, the bitter orange. The name is thought to ultimately derive from the Sanskrit[3] for the orange tree, with its final form developing after passing through numerous intermediate languages.

In a number of languages, it is known as a "Chinese apple" (e.g. Dutch Sinaasappel, "China's apple"). Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_(fruit)

ORANGES Citrus sinensis

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
AMBERSWEET
Clementine tangerine X Orlando tangelo.
OCT – DEC MANY
10 – 20
MEDIUM Moderately thick rind, easily peeled. Flesh tender, deep orange color, good juice. When fruit gets too ripe starts to dry. Tree upright, dense foliage. Moderately cold hardy.
BLOOD FEB – APR FEW
4 – 10
SM-MED
2½” – 2¾”
Unique sweet flavor. Rind orange with pink blush. Red pigment in flesh is dependent upon cooler temperatures; darker in colder areas. Medium size tree, very productive. Fruit can be round, oval or oblate in shape. Sanguinelly: Streaks of blood, taste similar to Valencia, fruit appearance same as Valencia.
HAMLIN OCT – JAN FEW
0 – 6
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Most commonly grown early season orange in FL. Excellent juicy fruit, low acid. Rind is smooth, thin, pale orange, easily peeled. Medium to large tree, moderately vigorous growth, very heavy producer. More cold-tolerant.
NAVEL OCT – JAN FEW
0 – 6
LARGE
3” – 3½”
Lower acid content than most orange varieties. Easily peeled, sections well with excellent flavor. Not good for juicing as juice is more sour. Light producer; use pollinator for more fruit. Earliest maturing.
ORTANIQUE
Or(ange) tan(gerine)  (un)ique

Sweet orange X tangerine
JAN - APR VARIES
1-10
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Extremely juicy and sweet. Used for fresh fruit (breakfast, salads). Rind is smooth, pale orange color, thin & oily. Pulp deep orange color. Large size tree w/ vigorous growth. Closely resembles Temple.
PAGE
Minneola [Duncan x Dancy] X Clementine
OCT – FEB VARIES
0 – 25
SMALL
2” – 2½”
High fruit quality, very sweet, excellent for juice. Peel thin, easily peeled & excessively oily. Moderately vigorous, thornless, heavy producer. Noticeable leaf drop in winter. Cold hardy.
PARSON BROWN OCT – FEB MANY
10 – 20
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Produces a good crop of high quality fruit. Excellent juice fruit, juicy and sweet. Large upright, vigorous tree, bears heavy crop. Fruit is round w/ smooth, fairly thin, well-colored rind.  **similar to Hamlin**
PINEAPPLE DEC – FEB MANY
15 – 25
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Juice orange: Sweet juice flavor. Med-large tree, heavy producer. Subject to alternate year bearing & pre-harvest drop. Fruit sensitive to frost.  **similar to Hamlin**
RED NAVEL OCT – JAN FEW
0 – 6
LARGE
3” – 3½”
Red colored flesh, very sweet. Attractive in salads, easily peeled. Excellent eating fruit. Tree has compact growth habit.
TEMPLE
(Royal mandarin)
Tangerine X sweet orange
JAN – MAR MANY
15-20
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Excellent eating quality fruit with pebbly, thin rind that peels easily. Peel deep orange to red-orange. Pulp is orange. High sugars. Very good mid-season orange. Medium vigor, bushy, thorny, good producer. Cold sensitive.  **similar to Valencia**
VALENCIA
Citrus sinenais Valencia
MAR – JUN FEW
0 – 6
MEDIUM
2¾” – 3”
Juice orange. Represents 50% of the oranges grown in FL. Very juicy and sweet.  Excellent for eating or juice. The last orange variety for the season. Rind remains somewhat greenish when mature w/ thin & tightly adhering rind. Vigorous upright, large & very prolific but some tendency to alternate bear.  **similar to Temple**

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.