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The lemon is a small evergreen tree (Citrus × limon, often given as C. limon) originally native to Asia, and is also the name of the tree's oval yellow fruit. The fruit is used for culinary and nonculinary purposes throughout the world – primarily for its juice, though the pulp and rind (zest) are also used, mainly in cooking and baking. Lemon juice is about 5% to 6% (approximately 0.3 mole per liter) citric acid, which gives lemons a sour taste, and a pH of 2 to 3. This makes lemon juice an inexpensive, readily available acid for use in educational science experiments. Because of the sour flavor, many lemon-flavored drinks and candies are available, including lemonade and lemon heads. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon

Lime is a term referring to a number of different fruits, both species and hybrids, citruses, which have their origin in the Himalayan region of India and which are typically round, green to yellow in color, 3–6 cm in diameter, and containing sour and acidic pulp. Limes are often used to accent the flavours of foods and beverages. They are usually smaller than lemons, and a source of vitamin C. Limes are grown all year round and are usually sweeter than lemons.

Limes are a small citrus fruit, Citrus aurantifolia, whose skin and flesh are green in color and which have an oval or round shape with a diameter between one to two inches. Limes can either be sour or sweet, with the latter not readily available in the United States. Sour limes possess a greater sugar and citric acid content than lemons and feature an acidic and tart taste, while sweet limes lack citric acid content and are sweet in flavor. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lime_(fruit)

LEMON (Citrus limon)

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
EUREKA
(similar to Lisbon, Sicilian, Harvey)
Citrus limon var. Eureka
EVERBEARING FEW
0 – 5
SMALL
2” – 2½”
Moderately vigorous, spreading growth habit, thorny. Very juicy, acidic, excellent for cooking. Common commercial variety. Similar to grocery variety. Cold sensitive.
MEYER
Lemon X orange or mandarin
Citrus limon meyeri
EVERBEARING MANY
10
MEDIUM
2½” – 3”
Yellowish orange rind. Pulp is usually dark yellow color, very juicy & tender, less acid than true lemon.. . Exceptionally smooth, soft & thick but lacks the typical lemon peel oil aroma; purple blooms. Small compact growing habit. Most cold tolerant of all lemons. Popular for dooryard planting.
PONDEROSA
Lemon X citron
Citrus limon var. ponderosa
EVERBEARING MANY
7 – 15
X LARGE
3” – 5”
Moderately juicy, fairly acidic. Very large, white & fragrant blooms. Thick, bumpy, fleshy rind. Small growth habit, used in CA for garden ornamental, large leaves & very thorny. Small-medium size tree (10-25 ft). Good for cooking. Cold sensitive.
SAMBO (Sweet)
lemon X tangerine
NOV – DEC MANY LARGE
3” – 3½”
Rough skin, oval-shaped like Orlando tangelo. Good tasting, peel orange color, easily peeled. Moderately juicy, lemon-like flavor. Origin Japan. Sweet (no acid). Cold hardy.
VARIEGATED PINK LEMON
Citrus limon var. variegata
NOV – MAR FEW
0 – 6
SM - MED
2½” – 2¾”
Foliage and fruit are uniquely variegated. Flesh is pink in color. Cold sensitive.

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.

Lime

VARIETY SEASON OF
MATURITY
SEEDS/
FRUIT
FRUIT
SIZE
COMMENTS
INDIAN SWEET
(Palestine)
Citrus limettoides
Lemon X orange X Mexican lime
FEW MEDIUM
1¾” – 2½”
Not acidic, referred to as sweet. Medium-sized tree with irregular, thick and thorny branches , while the leaves are cupped or rolled. Round fruit with a small nipple, very juicy, mild flavored white juice with hint of orange flavor. Rind smooth or faintly ribbed, light yellow changing to orange-yellow when fully mature. Tree similiar to Persian in appearance. In India/Egypt believed to have special medicinal properties. Used for root stock in Middle East & India.
KAFFIR
Citrus hystrix
JAN - APR VERY SEEDY Tree is small. Fruit has real rough, bumpy & thick peel; dark green fruit with strong lime aroma. Used for the rind oil & leaves to enhance flavor of Asian cooking (curries, soups & salads).Leaves & rind can be kept in freezer up to 1 year.
KEY
(Mexican,’true lime”)
Citrus aurantifolia
EVERBEARING FEW
3-10 (very small)
SMALL
1¼” – 1¾”
Very acidic & juicy. Flesh is greenish-yellow to yellow in color. Peel turns greenish-yellow when ripe. Excellent for cooking & pies. Fairly vigorous , medium size, bushy growth w/ slender branches. Cold sensitive. THORNY more fruit production than thornless. Thorny leaf elongated whereas thornless more rounded.
LIMEQUAT
Citrofortunella floridana
Marumi kumquat X West Indian Lime
EVERBEARING FEW
0-7 (very small)
SMALL
1¼” – 1¾”
oblong
Cross round kumquat & key lime. Small tree size. Very heavy producer. Acidic, very juicy. Yellow fruited, white flesh color. Key Lime flavor. More cold tolerant than other limes.
PERSIAN
(Tahiti~Bearss~
Sicilian)
Citrus latifolia
EVERBEARING NONE
0 – 1
MEDIUM
1¾” – 2½”
Harvested while still green; mature fruit greenish-yellow. Flesh is pale yellow. Very juicy & acidic. Most commonly grown for commercial use. Similar to lime found in grocery. Vigorous growth & thornless, large, dark green leaves. Spot picked while green. Cold sensitive.

Note: Nothing requires a pollinator; if did, may produce more fruit. < 25-30 F, need to protect all citrus. HARD FREEZE: 28 F > 4 hrs.